So you’re looking to start a river or lake adventure and you’re not sure on whether going for a kayak or a canoe. Well, don’t worry – here we will show you all the factors that are important in choosing one and explain why.
Come further and learn more about what makes kayak and canoes different and which one is better for you! By Camping Experts Outdooris
What is the difference between a kayak and canoe?
The first kayak traces back to more than 4,000 years ago in Asia (thus the name). This means this is probably one of the oldest water navigation options we humans had. And it is no surprise, kayaks are outstandingly useful for many things including hunting, fishing, transportation, and staying safe in moving waters.
Some kayak designs are also useful for moving in icy water. It runs so silently that hunters got the most out of it and still works as an ideal option for moving across waterways without making much noise.
After several years, kayaks got to Europe and eventually to America. It was useful for people in the arctic for exploration and mobility and for sportsmen and extreme activity enthusiasts for the agility and great convenience.
Eventually, many different kinds of kayaks were created. But they all had and still have one thing in common: they come with a paddle with opposite blades on each end for getting impulse in water. This helps users to make less of an effort to move and eventually do it silently.
Most kayaks nowadays are made of plastics or wood, depending on the use. The majority are enclosed kayaks which means only half the body of the user will be inside the boat, and the rest will be outside. They come in all kinds of sizes and shapes, according to the type of use.
The good thing about kayaks is that they are portable, highly protective, and easy to use. And of course, they are mostly for individual users instead of two or more. But still, you can find all kinds of designs depending on the needs of the user(s).
A canoe is an open boat, small but large enough to host at least two people inside. It’s commonly divided by several stands inside depending on its size so at least two people can sit comfortably. The sides tend to be pretty short, but tall enough to prevent water from getting inside – so they look like a traditional boat but with a small and still comfortable design.
Canoes are also old. Humans have been using this type of water transportation for at least 10,000 years. This means when you use a canoe, you’re using one of the oldest water boats in human history.
They are supposed to come from Europe directly instead of Africa or Asia as other boat types. But due to the plainness of its design, most canoes are similar no matter where they come from so origin varies.
Most canoes were and still are made of wood. Trees, logs, and dugout pieces of woods, even though today the majority are wholly built from plants or logs designed to float and still be comfortable inside.
They are mostly used to transport goods, to fish, and to travel through waterways. The mechanism for moving is with paddles. As canoes tend to be slightly wide, they tend to use two paddles, one on each side for comfort and ease of use.
The best about canoes is that they are highly comfortable. They tend to be a little heavy for easy transportation in the ground, but some of them can be pretty small and light for smooth movement even in the hardest situations. Canoes come in all kinds of sizes & designs so you may find a wide array of them.
Kayaking vs. Canoeing: What's the Difference?
You are already familiar with what kayaks and canoes are, now it’s time to know how they differ from each other in terms of design, comfort, padding & ease of use, stability, water protection, and more. Take a look further to learn!
There aren’t many differences between canoe and kayaks in terms of models, but the most obvious is always size. Canoes are undoubtedly larger, wider, and bigger overall – they are also heavier and then to have more accessories inside than kayaks.
While canoes are made to carry a lot of weight and many people or objects, kayaks are mostly planned for one or two people with little to no items.
This way, kayaks are better for their smallness and weight, easy to transport and directed towards high speeds & agility. In contrast, canoes are made mostly to do fishing and carry heavy stuff or several people.
Canoes can reach lengths of up to 20 feet, while kayaks don’t go over 7 feet for two people. Some options may be 10 feet when they are kayaks for three people, most commonly used in rowing as a sport.
The canoe is an open boat, and the kayak is commonly a closed one. However, some sit-on-top kayaks can also be open, so they don't have a closed cockpit. But they are pretty rare.
You could say, a kayak is more versatile while a canoe is stronger. And surely, you could also say that canoes are for using while kayaks are for wearing. If you are in a difficult waterway such as rapid waters, a kayak is the best choice. For any other option such as lake, ocean or calm river, a canoe works better as transportation.
Climbing inside, using, and even sitting is far more comfortable and relaxed in a canoe than in a kayak. Paddling is also way more comfortable despite needing two paddles instead of one.
And canoes also offer the chance to stand up and get out really fast whenever the user needs to. As for comfort, canoes are larger and more spacious, which provides more space to move legs and prevent pain from stiffness.
Instead, kayaks are closed so getting inside and out demands a little more time and effort. The padding tends to be a bit exhausting but easier than a canoe due to the use of only one paddle with both ends.
But the agility you get is unique. Despite being habitually enclosed inside in most kayaks, you are still comfortable most of the time. After a long kayak adventure, though, your legs and back may hurt a little.
You could say that a canoe is more comfortable as it is not as restrictive as a kayak. This means it is better for transportation and less tiring. However, the kayak while offering less comfort is still better in a few of the next factors.
A canoe is better than a kayak when it comes to comfort, but paddling is a little more tiring. This happens because in canoes, you need to use two paddles, one on each hand and side of the canoe, which may eventually be a little uncomfortable but highly exhausting.
Instead, in a kayak, you will use a single paddle with a blade on both ends. This makes it easier to paddle and move around. You will have both the ability to get tired less as well as glide more efficiently across the water.
An additional advantage for kayaks is that rough water tends to be easy to pass through. Not only because the size and ergonomic design of the kayak, but also because the single paddle tends to cut more air and be faster and stronger than double paddles.
In canoes, severe and rapid waters including waves and open ocean can be pretty challenging to pass through and paddle against.
The advantage on a canoe, however, is that two people can paddle together. This makes it better for couples or several users. In a kayak you can also have the same, but with the users having the same double-edged paddle.
Here you will get a similar experience in both, but not because they work alike but because it all depends on where and how you use each.
For example, in kayaks, you get the advantage of a closed cockpit that won’t let any water inside. So even the hardest currents, waves, or rapids won’t make you wet. And you can also add a spray or protective skirt, which goes in the edge of the cockpit to stop water from getting inside even better.
But kayaks are often closer to the water than canoes. And with their short sides, contact with water is more common. Another disadvantage is that kayaks tend to roll over pretty quickly if it falls or gets run over by a big wave.
On the other hand, canoes are taller and frequently less wet than kayaks. But their resistance to big waves and hard currents is not the same.
In calmer waters, however, a canoe will always be better and prevent any water from getting inside or touch you. And with mild waves, a canoe will fare better and keep you away from water more efficiently.
If you don’t mind being a little wet in a kayak, it can be a better choice under challenging waters. But if you are going to use only in calm water, then a canoe is your choice to keep yourself dry.
Stability & Maneuverability
Canoes are far more stable than kayaks, but kayaks are easier, faster, and better to maneuver in all types of waters. That’s a summary.
The narrow construction of a kayak makes it lighter and thus easier to handle. You won’t have to make much of an effort to move around or paddle, which adds lots of agility and mobility you don’t have in canoes.
The use of a single paddle also makes it easier to maneuver and achieve higher speed, as the movement tends to be faster and more consistent.
A canoe, in contrast, is more stable especially in calm waters due to their larger and bigger design than kayaks. But this also means you lose maneuverability and speed, especially for the weight.
And of course, the space a canoe offers inside makes it more comfortable to move around even if the situation is difficult, but this doesn’t help in faring in tough waters.
So, in short, a canoe is more stable in calm waters. A kayak, on the other hand, offers more maneuverability and far more stability in tough ones.
Carrying different things inside a kayak and a canoe are entirely different experiences. It is important to note that canoes are larger, wider, and much taller than kayaks, so they offer more space. But kayaks provide the chance to keep things away from the water more efficiently.
It is important to note that canoes keep things within reach. So if you need to do things like fishing or move things around, a canoe will be better. For a kayak, most of the stuff you bring will be hard to reach, unless you have a special compartment that you can have at the reach of your hand.
Most kayaks come with below-deck waterproof cargo stores. Canoes offer most of the storing capacity in a typical design. This means canoes are far more comfortable to carry things around, but in hard waters, kayaks will keep things dry while canoes will probably not.
So with a canoe, you have more comfort and accessibility, but with a kayak, you have more protection. In terms of storage capacity, of course, a canoe will always win.
Uses & Applications
You can either kayaks and canoes for the same things without problems. Both are pretty versatile types of boats that you can apply for different things such as river trips, long-distance sea trips, fishing, and even rapids. The thing is, one is better than the other in some of them.
For example, let’s start with canoes and their storage space. If you are going to carry stuff on water from one place to another, then there’s no doubt a canoe is better for its size. This also makes it a little better for fishing and hugely superior when it comes to transporting people.
You can have a far more relaxing day in a canoe as well. Space and stability it offers on calm waters are higher than what a kayak provides. You can have great fishing or relaxing time with friends or family without issues.
A kayak will be the best choice in other kinds of applications. If you want to go to river rapids, on a deep-sea fishing adventure or going ocean paddling and rafting, then a kayak is your best choice. For things that don’t demand much storage or comfort, a kayak is always better, especially if it more of an action than relaxing.
Both are useful for ocean and river trips though. A canoe is far easier to use in calm water, which makes it ideal for several people at the same time. Kayaks, however, offer the chance to get into complicated and smaller places, which is a plus for expeditions and trips.
You can sleep in a canoe, but you can't in a kayak. But you can strive over challenging waters and big waves with a kayak more efficiently, while a canoe won't offer the chance to roll over once it falls upside down.
Remember transportation is also essential when it comes to application. A kayak is ordinarily light and small enough to be attached to an SUV or large car, in some cases, you may connect one or two.
In contrast, canoes tend to be very heavy and awkward to transport so you may need a storage cart or something similar to carry it, but still one can be enough for one SUV.
You can paddle with both the canoe and the kayak, one is easier, but the other offers more space. In a kayak, you can reach places that with a canoe you cannot or just will be very difficult. But with a canoe, you can store more fish inside and keep them safe without issues.
If you are by yourself, paddling in a canoe can be pretty frustrating, especially if you need to move across the water continually. In a kayak, you don’t have this disadvantage, as you can move out of difficult places and reach the toughest ones more easily.
Some canoes and kayaks are also explicitly made for fishing. The canoe for fishing comes with all the quirks, so you can attach your rod while you wait for a bite. You may also have extra storage space in a built-in cooler for all the catches. For a kayak, you may also have the anchoring point for the rod, and a small but also useful built-in cooler for fish. You may also find pedals & bait storage in some options.
If you bring a companion, you will have a better time with a canoe for sure. The seats and the space it offers are better than in kayaks. However, some double-seat kayaks can also be used for fishing so you can go with a partner if needed.
Another thing to ponder is that you can stand in a canoe but in a kayak, you can’t. This means you get more pulling power in a canoe eventually. However, the enclosed cockpit of a kayak can keep you warmer and protected from climate conditions.
So, you could say both are great for fishing as long as you know what you’re getting and why. Just remember that they are practically the opposite when it comes to fishing.
Canoe vs. Kayak: Which One Should I Choose?
You could say that canoes and kayak are for different types of people and uses. So it all comes down to preference and type of use.
For calm and relaxing days, we recommend a canoe. It will also be more comfortable for fishing and provide great means of transportation thanks to its spacious design and excellent storage capacity.
A kayak will be better for action waters such as rapids and deep sea with high waves. It will also be better for demanding conditions, and for reaching places where a canoe doesn’t fit.
Following this line of thought, you may be getting to the right one accordingly. We could recommend a canoe for going along with at least two more people on fishing or paddling trip through calm waters. And a kayak would be ideal for going in more action-packed situations or in the smallest waterways.
Choose the one you prefer following all the previous advice, and you won’t be disappointed later.